|NRG ENERGY, INC. filed this Form 10-K on 02/29/2016|
Reactive Power — On November 20, 2014, FERC issued an Order to Show Cause under FPA Section 206 directing PJM to either revise its tariff to provide that a generation or non-generation resource owner will no longer receive reactive power capability payments after it has deactivated its unit and to clarify the treatment of reactive power capability payments for units transferred out of a fleet or show cause why it should not be required to do so. On December 22, 2014, PJM filed proposed tariff changes, and the matter remains pending at FERC. NRG's reactive power revenues may change as a result of this proceeding.
Demand Response Operability — On May 9, 2014, FERC largely accepted PJM’s proposed changes on demand response operability in an attempt to enhance the operational flexibility of demand response resources during the operating day. The approval of these changes will likely limit the amount of demand response resources eligible to participate in PJM. The matter is pending rehearing at FERC.
MOPR Revisions — On May 2, 2013, FERC accepted PJM's proposal to substantially revise its Minimum Offer Price Rule. Among other things, FERC approved the portions of the PJM proposal that exempt many new entrants from demonstrating that their proposed projects are economic, as well as providing a similar exemption from public power entities and certain self-supply entities. This exemption is subject to certain conditions designed to limit the financial incentive of such entities to suppress market prices. On June 3, 2013, the Company filed a request for rehearing of the FERC order and subsequently protested the manner in which PJM proposed to implement the FERC order. On October 15, 2015, FERC denied the requests for rehearing and accepted PJM’s compliance filing. The Company, along with other parties, filed a petition for review of FERC's decision with the D.C. Circuit.
AEP and FirstEnergy Ohio Contracts — FirstEnergy and AEP, through their regulated Ohio utilities, have sought approval at the Public Utility Commission of Ohio of a capacity market “swap” where FirstEnergy’s and AEP’s “merchant” resources would recover the full costs of their generation facilities through a non-bypassable surcharge applicable to all Ohio retail customers. Evidence introduced in the Ohio proceeding suggests that these contracts could impose more than $1,000 per Ohio retail customer in excess costs over the next eight years. A coalition of consumer and supply groups are opposing the proposed contracts before the Public Utility Commission of Ohio. Additionally, NRG and numerous other coalition members have filed a complaint at FERC questioning whether FirstEnergy and AEP have the regulatory approvals necessary to enter into above-market contracts with their generation affiliates without further FERC review. That complaint is pending at FERC.
Performance Incentive Proposal — On January 17, 2014, ISO-NE filed at FERC to revise its forward capacity market, or FCM, by making a resource’s forward capacity market compensation dependent on resource output during short intervals of operating reserve scarcity. The ISO-NE proposal would replace the existing shortage event penalty structure with a new performance incentive, or PI, mechanism, resulting in capacity payments to resources that would be the combination of two components: (1) a base capacity payment and (2) a performance payment or charge. The performance payment or charge would be entirely dependent upon the resource’s delivery of energy or operating reserves during scarcity conditions, and could be larger than the base payment.
On May 30, 2014, FERC found that most of the provisions in the ISO-NE proposal, with modifications, together with an increase to the reserve constraint penalty factors, provided a just and reasonable structure. FERC instituted a proceeding for further hearings and required ISO-NE to make a compliance filing to modify its proposal and adopt the increases to the reserve constraint penalty factors. FERC denied rehearing. The New England Power Generators Association filed a petition for review of FERC's decision with the D.C. Circuit.
FCM Rules for 2014 Forward Capacity Auction — On February 28, 2014, ISO-NE filed with FERC the results of Forward Capacity Auction 8. On September 16, 2014, FERC issued a notice stating that the Forward Capacity Auction 8 results would go into effect by operation of law. Several parties requested rehearing of FERC’s notice. FERC rejected those requests on legal and procedural grounds. A petition for review of FERC's decision was filed with the D.C. Circuit. The Company, along with other parties, filed a brief in support of FERC. An adverse decision could call into question the capacity revenues associated with the 2017/2018 delivery year.
Sloped Demand Curve Filing — On May 30, 2014, FERC accepted the proposed tariff revisions discussed in the April 1, 2014 ISO-NE filing at FERC regarding the establishment of a sloped demand curve for use in the ISO-NE Forward Capacity Market. The accepted tariff changes include extending the period during which a market participant can lock-in the capacity price for a new resource from five to seven years, establishing a limited exemption for the buyer-side market mitigation rules for a set amount of renewable resources, and eliminating the administrative pricing rules. The shift away from the current vertical demand curve and accompanying proposed changes could have a material impact on the capacity prices in future auctions as well as an impact on resources that have a price lock-in. FERC denied rehearing. The Company, along with other generators, filed a petition for review of FERC's decision with the D.C. Circuit.